This paper estimates the cost of collective and interpersonal violence to low and middle income countries. This includes civil war, homicides and (non)-fatal violence against children and women. The paper argues that the UN HLP has identified several areas where the benefit/cost ratio for foreign aid spending and domestic policy efforts may be very high, and that have been relatively neglected by the development community to date. They argue that there is a strong case for making societal violence reduction a priority in the next round of the Millennium Development Goals.
Authors: Fearon, James & Hoeffler, Anke